Bismillah Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem
And to warn those who say, ” Allah has taken a son.”
In the past verses, Allah mentioned two of the Quran’s tasks:
1) To warn he disbelievers of a severe punishment from Allah
2) To give good tidings to the Believers that do good that for them is a good reward from Allah
In the 4th verse, Allah mentions a third task of the Quran: To warn and bring forth fear in the hearts of those who say that Allah has taken a son. This is talking about Al-Yahuud(Jews) and An-Nasaaraa(Christians) and some other groups of people who don’t declare monotheism.
The Jews say, “Ezra is the son of Allah “; and the Christians say, “The Messiah is the son of Allah .” That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved [before them]. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?(9:30)
And they attribute to Allah daughters – exalted is He – and for them is what they desire.(16:57)
Question: Why did Allah specifically mentions that the Quran warns “those who says Allah has a son” after saying generally that the Quran warns the disbelievers?
Answer: In the Arabic language, the repetition of something puts emphasis on the thing being said(التأكيد). This shows the importance and in this case the severity of the punishment of those who say that Allah has taken a son.
So now, the question is: Why is saying that Allah has a son so important?
Answer: Saying that Allah has a son is the same as Syirik(declaring polytheism).
And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, “O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah . Indeed, association [with him] is great injustice.”31:13
After stating that the task of the Quran is to warn those who say that Allah has taken a son, Allah further humiliate them for their increase in error and their false accusations by saying:
”They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. Grave is the word that comes out of their mouths; they speak not except a lie.”
This means that they as well as their forefathers don’t know anything about Allah. They refuse to acknowledge and take heed of the Truth, thus they are tricked by Syaithaan as logically, rarely does a person with knowledge get tricked. This is a great humiliation for them as what they have uttered is also greatly grave indeed.
In a nutshell, the expressions/phrases in this verse expresses how ugly and grave are the lies that come out from their mouths.
I’ll stop here and InshaAllah, I’ll continue another day.