What a month….MashaAllah..
Majlis Ugama Islam Singapura
1 February 2013 / 20 Rabiulawal 1434
Harnessing the Legacy of Rasulullah – Lessons from the Lives of the Companions r.a
Dear Friday jemaah blessed by Allah,
In last week’s sermon the Khatib shared with us how the Prophet’s leadership had transformed human civilisation. A social transformation which has helped us to increase our taqwa toward Allah, and enable us to obey His commandments and leave behind what He has forbidden upon us.
My brothers, the paradigm shift brought about by Rasulullah s.a.w. did not end with his passing. In fact, when we study the lives of the Companions, we are able to reflect upon the impact of the Prophet’s wisdom in shaping an ummah that is able to think critically and preserve the principles of Islam.
The Companions of the Prophet s.a.w are part of the outstanding generation who continued the traditions left behind by Rasulullah s.a.w. They serve as the bridge between us and our beloved Prophet s.a.w. They worked hard to ensure that the message brought by Rasulullah continues to be spread and its sanctity upheld to ensure it is free from any form of deviation and corruption.
The deeds and practices of the Companions are indeed an important point of reference for the ummah of Rasulullah s.a.w., as we strive to be religiously resilient in our world today. The modesty, wisdom and piety of the Companions is a result of the teaching and training by the exceptional educator, Prophet Muhammad s.a.w.
Allah s.w.t has raised the status of the Companions, and their contributions to the Islamic faith was acknowledged by Allah s.w.t. Allah s.w.t. had bless them with His pleasure and mercy, and promised them with the reward of paradise. This was mentioned in the Quran, Allah s.w.t. said in Surah At-Taubah, verse 100:
Which means: “And the first forerunners [in the faith] among the Muhajirin and the Ansar and those who followed them with good conduct – Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow, wherein they will abide forever. That is the great attainment.”
Rasulullah s.a.w. also honoured and raised the rank of the companions, without any exception, in a hadith which means:
“The best people are those living in my generation (the Companions), and then those who will follow them (tabi’in), and then those who will follow the latter (tabi’ut tabi’in)…” Hadith narrated by Imam Bukhari and Muslim.
My dear jemaah,
Let us reflect upon the factors that made the Companions the best generation among the ummah of Rasulullah s.a.w.
First, the Companions are of the generation that were directly taught by Rasulullah s.a.w. They practised what was taught by the Prophet, and avoided what was forbidden, as a sign of their deep love and obedience to Rasulullah s.a.w. The companions are also the best generation who practised the principles of ‘Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Munkar’, which is Enjoining what is Right Forbidding what is Wrong.
The Companions r.a understood the true meaning of taqwa. As mentioned in the book of ‘Jami’ As-Sirah’ written by Ibn Qayyim, Sayyidina Uthman r.a. shed tears, until his beard was wet, everytime he reflected (muhasabah) upon his actions and feared for his fate in the Hereafter. My brothers, just imagine, how a Companion who has been promised a place in heaven cries everytime he reflects upon himself!
Secondly, Allah gave the Companions r.a. outstanding wisdom. Their brilliance shone when they were put to test in coming up with solutions for problems and matters that happened after the passing of the Prophet Nabi Muhammad s.a.w.
Guided by their deep and insightful understanding of the verses of Al-Quran and Sunnah of Rasulullah s.a.w, while taking into consideration the context of the environment they were in, which had greatly changed from the earlier times, the Companions came up with effective solutions to emerging problems of their times.
This was evident during the time of the Caliphate Sayyidina Umar r.a. Sayyidina Umar r.a. made the decision to temporarily lift the hudud punishments on those caught stealing during the famine period. The Caliphate had taken into consideration the environment and the context of that particular period, as proceeding with the capitalish punishments would not lead to the maqasid or objective the law being fulfilled.
Third, the Companions followed the footsteps of Rasulullah s.a.w. in being exemplary in their conduct and in radiating compassion. This was seen during the Hijrah, when the people of Madinah known as the Ansar provided all forms of assistance and support to their new brethren who had migrated from Makkah, known as the Muhajirin.
Dear beloved jemaah,
May we succeed in our efforts to become an ummah that is able to follow the footseps of the Companions who loved the Prophet s.a.w so dearly and strived to uphold his Sunnah. Hopefully by doing so, we can emulate the piety, knowledge and modesty of the Companions, and be among those who are mentioned by Allah as the best followers in the sight of Allah s.w.t. Amin.