Tafseer

Al-Kahf verse 4-5

Bismillah Ar-Rahmaan Ar-Raheem

 18:4

And to warn those who say, ” Allah has taken a son.”

In the past verses, Allah mentioned two of the Quran’s tasks:

1) To warn he disbelievers of a severe punishment from Allah

2) To give good tidings to the Believers that do good that for them is a good reward from Allah

In the 4th verse, Allah mentions a third task of the Quran: To warn and bring forth fear in the hearts of those who say that Allah has taken a son. This is talking about Al-Yahuud(Jews) and An-Nasaaraa(Christians) and some other groups of people who don’t declare monotheism.

9:30

The Jews say, “Ezra is the son of Allah “; and the Christians say, “The Messiah is the son of Allah .” That is their statement from their mouths; they imitate the saying of those who disbelieved [before them]. May Allah destroy them; how are they deluded?(9:30)

16:57

And they attribute to Allah daughters – exalted is He – and for them is what they desire.(16:57)

Question: Why did Allah specifically mentions that the Quran warns  “those who says Allah has a son” after saying generally that the Quran warns the disbelievers?

Answer: In the Arabic language, the repetition of something puts emphasis on the thing being said(التأكيد). This shows the importance and in this case the severity of the punishment of those who say that Allah has taken a son.

So now, the question is: Why is saying that Allah has a son so important?

Answer: Saying that Allah has a son is the same as Syirik(declaring polytheism).

31:13And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, “O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah . Indeed, association [with him] is great injustice.”31:13

Explanation of declaring the Oneness of Allah 1, 2

After stating that the task of the Quran is to warn those who say that Allah has taken a son, Allah further humiliate them for their increase in error and their false accusations by saying:

18:5

”They have no knowledge of it, nor had their fathers. Grave is the word that comes out of their mouths; they speak not except a lie.”

This means that they as well as their forefathers don’t know anything about Allah. They refuse to acknowledge and take heed of the Truth, thus they are tricked by Syaithaan as logically, rarely does a person with knowledge get tricked. This is a great humiliation for them as what they have uttered is also greatly grave indeed.

In a nutshell, the expressions/phrases in this verse expresses how ugly and grave are the lies that come out from their mouths.

I’ll stop here and InshaAllah, I’ll continue another day.

Salaam:)

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Allah’s gaze…

In The Name of Allah, The most Gracious, The Most Merciful…

Allah is Rabb Al-A’aalameen, Lord of The Worlds. We read this verse at least 17 times a day, but do we really understand what it means and why we are supposed to read it in in all our prayers?

I read a series on suhaibwebb.com on this topic. http://www.suhaibwebb.com/personaldvlpt/how-to-taste-the-sweetness-of-prayer/

Here, I am going to write what I understand and among the gems I obtained from it InshaAllah.

Lord of the worlds means that He is The Cherisher, The Sustainer, The Maintainer, The Caretaker, The owner of all worlds. It comes from the root word rabbaa(Ra’  Ba’  Ya’), which means to nourish, to educate. An educator brings his students from darkness to light. So, as a Rabba,  which means the Sustainer, He sorts of sustains us in this world, provide for us, meet our every need. He also guides us.

So, Rabb Al-A’aalameen here means…

1) The Sustainer of all worlds

2)  The Caretaker of all worlds

3) Guider of all creation

He is the greatest, greater than  the whole  great universe. Greater than all the universes combined. The sky we see up there and the outerspace beyond. All that is the first heave ns. There are 6 more heavens out there. And above them all, there is Allah’s A’rsh, translated as throne.

The Prophet ﷺ told us:

ما السماوات السبع في الكرسي ، إلا كحلقة ملقاة بأرض فلاة

“The seven heavens are no more in comparison to the Kursi than a ring thrown in a desert.” (Ibn Hajar)

If that is the Kursi, then what of the magnificent Throne?

He then said:

فضل العرش على الكرسي ، كفضل تلك الفلاة على تلك الحلقة

“And the superiority of the Throne over the Kursi is like that desert compared to that ring.”

Watch this video:

That is only the lowest heaven…

…and Allah is Akbar, the Greatest.

He knows what is in everyones hearts. since the creation of the first human, Adam Alayhi As-Salaam.

He says: Verily, Allah is Knowing of that within the breasts. (5:7)

He is forever(permanent, without start nor end) and we are only temporary with definitely a start and end.

Everyone knows Him, even the unbelievers. But who knows us?

He says:

Has there [not] come upon man a period of time when he was not a thing [even] mentioned? (76:1)

In prayer, as we read the first verse of Al-Fatihah, feel that HIs immense gaze is watching our hearts and He knows what we are thinking.

the Prophet ﷺ said:

فإذا صليتم فلا تلتفتوا فإن الله ينصب وجهه لوجه عبده في صلاته ما لم يلتفت

“When you pray, do not turn here and there because Allah (swt) directs His face to the face of His servant, as long as he does not turn away” (Tirmidhi)

His immense gaze watching intently as we prostrate to Him in submission and servitude.

The same gaze that had watched The Prophet PBUH as well as all the other Prophets before him pray.

The same gaze that had watched over the Muslims in battle.

The same gaze who had destroyed societies before.

The same gaze of the One who had punished the sinners and rewarded the pious.

The same gaze of the One with the power to take our lives, to whom our souls will return to, to present our deeds in this world.

The similitude of us standing in front Him in prayer is like when we will be standing in front of Him on The Day our end will be made known..

He loves and wants us to repent (2:222) and return to Him. How can He gaze at us and we, as His servants who need Him, ignore Him and busy our minds with dunya as we stand before Him?

Just something to ponder upon…

Wasslaam

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Surah al-Kahfi: Verse 1-3

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Most Gracious

Assalamua’laikum warahmatullahi wabarakaatuh

Actually, I have been wanting to post lots of other things as I have promised by I am just so busy. Pray for me to have time. So today, I have chosen to post the continuation of Surah Al-Kahfi-Introduction.

18:1
[All] praise is [due] to Allah , who has sent down upon His Servant the Book and has not made therein any deviance.14:1
18:2

[He has made it] straight, to warn of severe punishment from Him and to give good tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds that they will have a good reward. 14:2
18:3
 In which they will remain forever. 14:3
Allah Almighty deserves complete continuous praise as He has revealed the Quran to the Prophet PBUH to guide us, as was said in Surah Al-Baqarah verse 2. We are commanded in this verse to praise Allah Almighty because in the Book he sent down, there are lots of guidance that guides mankind from darkness to The Light, and to things that will make them happy in their religion,  in this world, and in the next.
The word ‘His Servant” refers to Muhammad PBUH. Allah almighty uses the word servant instead of the name Muhammad to
1) Honor the Prophet PBUH. This is by putting  His messenger’s name  connected to ‘His’. For example, saying my book means that there is a strong connection between me and my book as it is mine.
2) Show that however high the rank of the Prophet PBUH in our hearts, he is still a Slave of The Almighty. This is to avoid humans from worshiping him, like some Christians worship Jesus, a prophet.
The word Kitaab refers to the al-Quran.
The word ‘deviance’ in the first verse followed by the word ‘straight’ in the second verse is to stress more on the fact that the Quran is straight with no deviance as a thing may appear straight but in truth, it is really twisted and bent. So, the Almighty combines both of denial of the quran being deviant and the fact of the Quran’s staightness to show that the Quran is completely straight, without any bends.
The word ‘warn’ is used to scare the disbelievers of the threat they face in the Hereafter. Allah Almighty uses ‘indzaar’ (warn) instead of  ‘i’laam’ (inform) as to warn is telling threateningly while to inform is just telling generally. The definition of warn is to scare and threaten while informing. Every ‘i’laam’ is an ‘indzaar’ but not vice versa.
The warning here is for whoever who disbelieves is a severe punishment which is to burn eternally in the blazing Fire of Hell. Imagine, being in a place eternally. Without doubt, everyone would not want to be in a painful place eternally. If a piece of Hellfire is thrown in this world, it will destroy the world completely. Imagine being in a place filled with infinite pieces of this substance that! Astonishingly, many of us chooses this final abode over Paradise, even if we do not notice this fact. This is obvious via our sinful actions.
After warning the disbelievers, Allah Almighty than gives glad tidings to the Believers-those who do righteous deeds- that for them is a great Reward, that is  Paradise and its blessings and that they will reside in it for eternity. Among the blessings of Paradise is that there is no sadness, no fears(Surah Taha, verse 112), no headaches (37:47, 56:19), eternal youth, you can have all you want (50:25).
 This is a great article, I have’nt checked out the site yet but this particular article is good: http://islam44.blogspot.com/2011/09/blessings-of-jannah-paradise.html
Summary:
The first two verses tells us about the task of the Quran, a warning and also a giver of glad tidings. This shows that the Quran is very balanced. It also talks about the Quran being a huge blessing for the slaves from their Master.
 All these are but only what He lets me know of. (I’ll elaborate more on this point later)
Wassalaam.
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Introduction to Surah Al-Kahf

In the name of Allah, The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious.

(Sorry if the text is all close together nearing the bottom. I don’t know what happened. )

As promised, I will share with you what I have learned in my Tafseer Surah Al-Kahf lesson. I am using a book from Al-Azhar University by Abd Al-Khaaliq Muhammad Abd Al-Khaaliq.

Surah Al-Kahf is among the As-Suwar Al-Makkiyyah, the surahs (chapters of the Quran) that was revealed to the Prophet PBUH in Makkah Al-Mukarramah before his Hijrah(migration) to Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. Surahs in this category is mostly about faith and Tawheed, unlike As-Suwar Al-Madaniyyah(the surahs revealed after the Hijrah) that elaborates more on Fiqh(jurisprudence).

Surah Al-Kahf is among the 5 surahs that begin with Alhamdulillah (Praise be to Allah). These include Surah Al-Fatihah, Surah Al-Ana’am, Surah Saba’ and Surah Faathir. These surahs start with glorifying Allah Almighty, purifying Him from all other partners He is wrongly associated with, and also ackknowledging Him with Greatness, Majestic and Perfectness.

Surah Al-Kahf is called Al-Kahf(cave) and not Al-Ghaar(cave) as Al-Kahf, means the cave with a big opening while Al-Ghaar means a cave with a small opening. It is named “The Cave” as in this Surah, the main story, the one that occurs in many places in the Surah, and also the story with the most lessons is the story about  The Youths Of  The Cave, how they struggled to keep their faith strong in the period where the number of believers are few and the period is full of tests and challenges for them. Doesn’t this sound like our condition now, where Islam is graded very low in the eyes of Non-Muslims and our faith are constantly tested by entertainment, luxury etc. in this dunya(temporary world)? Allah Almighty basically revealed this Surah specifically for us youths!

Surah Al-Kahf has lots of benefits for those who read it and also those who memorise it. There are lots of Ahaadith(traditions of the Prophet PBUH) proving this. Among them,

“عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ‏ “‏ مَنْ حَفِظَ عَشْرَ آيَاتٍ مِنْ أَوَّلِ سُورَةِ الْكَهْفِ عُصِمَ مِنَ الدَّجَّالِ

Abu Darda’ reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying:If anyone learns by heart the first ten verses of the Surah al-Kahf, he will be protected from the Dajjal.

(English reference: Book 4, Hadith 1766)

(Arabic reference: Book 7, Hadith 1919)

and
((عَنْ أَبِي الدَّرْدَاءِ، أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ ((من قرأ العشر الأواخر من سورة الكهف عصم من فتنة الدجال
Abu Darda’ reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying:
Whoever recites the last ten verses of Surah Al-Kahf, he will be protected from the fitnah of the Dajjaal.
(I could not find the reference)
and
“قَالَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه وسلم “من قرأ سورة الكهف في يوم الجمعة أضاء له من النور ما بينه وبين الجمعتين
Allah’s Apostle PBUH said: Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on a Friday, he will be illuminated by The Light between the two Fridays (The Friday he read the Surah and the next Friday).
(I could not find the reference.)
What is the link between reading this Surah and Dajjal have?
This Surah has lots in it about the end times. Dajjal will appear near the end times. See the relationship?
Surah Al-Kahf has 3 of the finest stories in the Quran:
1) The story of The Inhabitants of The Cave
     – It is a story of self-sacrifice in the path of believe in Allah Almighty. It is about youths that left their houses and went out of their country to save their faith and hid in a cave far from the eyes of the oppressors.  Then they stayed in  there asleep for 309 years and after that, Allah Almighty woke them up after those long years of sleep into a period where their oppressors are long dead.
2) The story of Musa Upon Him Peace and Khidr Upon Him Peace
     – It is a story of humbling self in the path of seeking knowledge, and also not to be fooled by the nafs saying that what you know is enough, even though a person has reached high ranks and is very knowledgable. This story also explains the concept of ((…but over every possessor of knowledge is one [more] knowing.))12:76. In this story also, it reveals to us some of the things that we can’t see like the future that Allah Almighty gave His worshipping piety slave, Khidr. This knowledge was not reveal to Musa alayhissalaam until Khidr alayhissalaam told him, like the story of the boat, the killing of a little boy and building a wall.
3) The story of Iskandar DzulQarnain, a king that Allah Almighty has instilled in his(DzulQarnain) self taqwa (God conscious) and fairness to spread his kingdom     with prosperity, and to rule the west and east of this Earth. It was him who built the great wall confining the Yajuj and Majuj (Gog and Magog).
There are also 3 real examples that really happened in this surah that shows that the Truth is not linked to lots of money and kingdom, but instead, it is linked to faith in Allah Almighty.:
1) An egoistic rich person proud of his wealth and a poor person proud of his faith and belief in the story of  The Owners Of  The Two Gardens. The one who is proud of his wealth eventually lost all his possessions.
2) The life of this world and what damages/destroys it in the form of demise and doom.
3) The example of pride and egoism and self-deceit in the story of Iblees refusing to prostrate to Adam alayhissalaam, of which caused him to be driven out of paradise and also forbade him from that beautiful place.
This surah too shows the proof of the Oneness of Allah Almighty and also that Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him is indeed the Prophet that Allah revealed the Quran to.
ps. One might be wondering why did Allah Almighty brings all this stories in the Quran and why He did not just present laws and rules of Islam just like that.
The real reason only Allah Almighty knows but common sense tells us that by presenting rules and morals in a form of a story, one may remember and understand the lesson and also warning better. It is also to make the inner meaning of the story nearer to our brains and hearts.

FYI: What is the difference between tafseer, ta’weel and tarjamah?

Tafseer is the inner meaning of the verse itself. Ta’weel is to try to explain the inner meaning of a parable. Tarjamah is the direct translation of the verse.

That is all for this post. Please inform me of any errors. All the good here is from Allah Almighty who moved my fingers over the keyboard and share this with you readers, while all the bad here is from me, who does not know except what Allah Almighty wants me to know.
Allah Almighty said in the Quran:
 “Exalted are You; we have no knowledge except what You have taught us. Indeed, it is You who is the Knowing, the Wise.” 2:32
Wassalaam…
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